Your asylum application is registered at the Migration Agency. During the registration, there will be a short conversation with you where you will also have to give your fingerprint (if you are older than 14) and have your photograph taken.
The Dublin Procedure
Once your asylum application has been registered, the Migration Agency will check to see if a country other than Sweden is responsible for handling your asylum application. For example, if you already have a residence permit or have applied for asylum in another EU country, or if you have arrived alone and have family members in another EU country. This is determined by the Dublin Regulation. You can read more about it here.
If Sweden is responsible for your asylum application, there will be an oral investigation in due course. This is longer than the conversation when you registered, and you will be there with your case officer from the Migration Agency, your public counsel and an interpreter. At this meeting you will have to talk about your case and provide evidence for it. Sometimes you may be invited to a supplementary investigation meeting.
Burden of proof
In Sweden, the asylum applicant has the burden of proof. This means that you must show evidence to the Migration Agency that you have reasons for asylum and that you are the person you say you are. For example, if you do not have ID documents that can prove this, the Migration Agency may inform you that have the right to undergo a medical age assessment.
If the Migration Agency decides that you have been granted a residence permit, you can live in Sweden. If, on the other hand, your asylum application is refused, you have the right to appeal in a Migration Court. If your application is refused, you can also appeal to the Migration Court of Appeal, but this court does not consider all cases. Talk to your public counsel if you have received a refusal and want to appeal.
Sweden has signed the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. For persons under the age of 18, this means that consideration must be given to various things, including your best interests, health and development.
Source: LSU – Your organisations in Sweden, guidance for those who want to start working with newly arrived young people and asylum applicants